Be Aware Of: Cocaine

Below are some facts about cocaine you need to be aware of.

  1. Cocaine is a Central Nervous Stimulant Drug.
  2. It is made from the leaves of the coca plant, which is native to South America.
  3. Doctors can use cocaine for legal medical purposes, such as local anesthesia.
  4. Recreational use of cocaine is illegal in all parts of the US, and cannot be prescribed.
  5. Cocaine is often cut with other substances, including other drugs, making it even more dangerous and increasing the risk of overdose.
  6. Cocaine typically comes in the form of a fine white powder, and crack cocaine usually comes in the form of a crystal or rock.
  7. Street names for cocaine include: coke, snow, blow, and crack (another form of cocaine).
  8. Cocaine can be combined with heroin and injected, which is referred to as a speedball.
  9. “Freebasing cocaine” refers to taking the rock or crystal form of cocaine) also called crack), then heating it with fire and inhaling the vapors. Crack can also be smoked by adding it to tobacco or marijuana and inhaling it.
  10. Cocaine causes a flood of dopamine in the brain, which is known as the “fee;-good” chemical.
  11. The sensations cocaine can cause that users chase are euphoria, invincibility, increased energy, alertness, and lowered inhibitions. However, it can also cause paranoia, hypersensitivity, panic, and irritability.
  12. Cocaine’s effects are nearly immediate and short-lived, lasting a few minutes to an hour. This often leads users to binge the drug, taking it infrequent and increasing amounts in a short space of time.
  13. Short-term effects of cocaine use include shrunken pupils, high blood pressure, higher body temperature, rapid heartbeat, suppressed appetite, and twitching or muscle spasms.
  14. It is very possible to overdose on cocaine. Cocaine overdose symptoms include heart attack, irregular heartbeat, stroke, seizure, difficulty breathing, extreme anxiety, very high body temperature, and hallucinations.
  15. Unlike heroin, there are currently no medications that can reverse a cocaine overdose. Doctors can only treat the symptoms described above, which may help prevent long-term damage or death from occurring.
  16. Cocaine is highly addictive, and dependence can be developed in a short period of time. Symptoms of withdrawal from cocaine include depression, headache, increased appetite, cognitive issues, night terrors, and insomnia.
  17. Although there is no medication specifically designed for cocaine addiction treatment, other forms of treatment are widely available, including cognitive behavioral therapy, group therapy, and live-in treatment facilities.